n CasesControls Folate (ng/ml) CasesControls
P
Leptin (ng/ml) CasesControls
P
Insulin (IU/ml) CasesControls
P
Females
All
BMI≤23
23>BMI<27
BMI>27

63
15
19
29

65
33
20
12
15,5 ± 8
15.3 ± 9
14 ± 7
15 ± 6

10.3 ± 5
11 ± 7
10.9 ± 7
10 ± 4

0.01*
0.01*
0.01*
0.01*

13.4 ± 6
8 ± 4
12.5 ± 6
16 ± 8

12 ± 7
7.5 ± 4
12 ± 5
15 ± 7

0.06
0.5
0.4
0.05*

29 ± 17
25 ± 12
28 ± 16
33 ± 19

28 ± 13
25 ± 11
28 ± 9
30 ± 12

0.2
0.4
0.5
0.05*
Males
All
BMI≤23
23>BMI<27
BMI>27

38
8
15
15

65
23
32
10

14,8 ± 6
15 ± 7
14.5 ± 5
14 ± 6

9.8 ± 4
10.1 ± 6
10 ± 5
9.6 ± 3

0.01*
0.01*
0.01*
0.01*

9.8 ± 7
5 ± 3
8.5 ± 6
11 ± 6

9 ± 5
4 ± 3
8 ± 4
10 ± 6

0.06
0.08
0.1
0.01*

25 ± 15
23 ± 10
24 ± 15
26 ± 17

24 ± 12
23 ± 8
24 ± 10
25 ± 11

0.09
0.3
0.3
0.02*

All
BMI≤23
23>BMI<27
BMI≥27

101
23
34
44

130
56
52
22

15 ± 7
15.3 ± 7
14.4 ± 7
14.8 ± 6

10 ± 4
10.6 ± 5
10.5 ± 6
9.7 ± 4

0.01*
0.01*
0.01*
0.01*

15 ± 7
7 ± 4
11 ± 6.5
16 ± 7

14 ± 8
6.2 ± 4.5
10 ± 6
14 ± 7

0.1
0.3
0.2
0.01*

28 ± 15
25 ± 15
27 ± 14
32 ± 18

27 ± 19
25 ± 10
27 ± 8
29 ± 11

0.2
0.3
0.3
0.05*
* Statistical significant difference
Table 3: Folate, leptin, and insulin levels stratified by body mass index and gender.