No. Sample DNJ (mg/g)
1 matured larvae I 0.30 ± 0.030 d
2 matured larvae II 0.13 ± 0.010 b
3 urine of matured larvae 0.0044 ± 0.0031 a
4 feces of matured larvae 0.96 ± 0.060 e
5 pupae 0.23 ± 0.020 c
6 moths before excreting urine 0.24 ± 0.040 c
7 urine of moths 0.029 ± 0.013 a
8 moths after excreting urine ND a
Note: Matured larvae I means that the matured larvae have not excreted all the urine and excrement; Matured larvae II means that the matured larvae have excreted all the urine and excrement and have begun silking; ND: not detected. Values are expressed as the means ± SD (n=3). Means without the same letters were considered significant, tested by one-way ANOVA and Fisher’s LSD, p ≤ 0.05.
Table 2: DNJ concentration of samples from matured larvae to moths.