Cause of Death Mortality Ratio in Men Mortality Ratio in Women
Infectious disease 3.4 1.9
Respiratory disease 3.2 2.7
Endocrine disease 2.7 2.0
Gastrointestinal disease 2.5 2.1
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) 2.3 2.1
Urogenital disease 2.3 2.3
Because CVD is the most common cause of death in the general population, and is more than twice as common in patients with schizophrenia, it accounts for most of the excess mortality in schizophrenia [31].
Table 1: Main Causes of Mortality in Patients with Schizophrenia. Ratio of Observed Deaths in Patients with Schizophrenia to Expected Deaths in General Population.