Sensory component: guided imagery, hypnosis, auto-suggestion, relaxation, biofeedback, distraction/displacement of attention, music therapy, meditation
Affective component: supportive therapy, meaning-based control of negative emotion, dynamic psychotherapy, art therapy
Cognitive component: psycho-education, didactic information-based techniques, cognitive attitude-based therapy, cognitive coping therapy
Behavioral component: operant conditioning, environmental therapy, behavioral therapy
Table 1: Psychotherapies according to which element of pain they focus on Pain Reduction (source: Kreitler & Kreitler, 2007)