; Factors 3a: All Violent Crimes 3b: Aggravated Assault 3c: Property Crimes 3d: Welfare Recip/Cap 3e: Median Grade Completed
Population Density (log) 82.42****  (20.24) 38.77****  (12.26) 490.91**** (22.39) .00574**** (24.56) -.08903****  (-8.23)
Per-Capita Income -.007**** (-2.74) -.0059*** (-2.81) NS NS .00017****  (25.23)
Unemployment NS 2.27* (1.71) 16.05* (1.74) .00021**  (2.10) -.03665**** (-8.06)
%Black Poverty 40.06** (2.33) 27.62** (2.07) NS NS -.13322*** (-2.88)
%Hispanic Poverty 62.11*** (2.79) 41.23** (2.39) 541.5****  (4.52) NS NS
Police/Capita 153423**** (16.56) 89318****  (12.42) 821385**** (16.47) 4.97007****  (9.34) NS
Infant Death Rate 1.813*** (2.78) 1.173**  (2.32) NS .000065* (1.74) NS
%Housing pre-1950 -526.75****  (-13.43) -447.34****  (-14.69) -3722****  (-17.63) .007379*** (3.28) .93843**** (9.02)
Public Water/Cap 225.34****  (.4.07) 197.4****  (4.59) 2618**** (8.78) NS 1.00734****  (6.82)
Median Grade Completed 24.68*** (3.50) 16.82*** (3.07) 586.7****  (15.46) .001109** (2.74) N/A
Lead Present/ Absent 40.80****  (4.67) 18.49*  (2.73) 134.5*** (2.86) .003491****  (6.95) NS
Manganese Present/Abs. 58.71**** (6.68) 39.26****  (5.75) 155.3****  (3.28) .004482**** (8.88) .05672** (2.40)
Alcohol Death Rate 101.62****  ( 11.55) 62.46****  (9.14) 188.4*** (3.97) .001186**  (2.35) -.10258****  (-4.35)
Alcohol * Lead 21.48** (2.54) NS NS .001626*** (3.34) .05316**  (2.34)
Alcohol * Manganese 55.40****  (6.54) 36.79**** (5.59) 117.6**  (2.58) .001578*** (3.24) .04051* (1.78)
Lead * Manganese 34.89**** (4.11) 15.57** (2.36) NS .003126**** (6.41) NS
Alcohol * Lead * Manganese 19.21** (2.27) NS NS .001764*** (3.63) NS
adj r2 .369 .259 .467 .369 .415
F 97.45 58.60 145.12 97.17 125.02
DF 17,2783 17,2783 17,2783 17,2783 16,2784
p .0000 .0000 .0000 .0000 .0000
**** p < .0001 *** p < .005 ** p < .05 * p < .10. NOTE: Cell entries are unstandardized coefficients (t ratio in parentheses).
Table 3: Multiple Regression Model for 50 States [16].