HAL p LAP p LESS p
RIGHT (N=73)   RIGHT (N=36) LEFT (N=36) RIGHT (N=13) LEFT (N=13)
Allograft Extraction Time (min) 90±18.2 -- -- 84±20.3 82±14.7 0.80 97±19.8 94±25.5 0.68
Total Operative Time (min) 146±35.1 -- -- 126±33.4 126±27.9 0.53 149±28.1 148±31.4 0.86
Warm Ischemia Time  (min) 4.09±0.89 -- -- 4.18±0.83 4.18±0.80 0.86 3.72±0.40 3.72±0.49 0.94
Blood Loss (mL)a 100 (10-1000) -- -- 100 (50-2100) 68 (50-600) 0.78 75 (25-300) 50 (25-300) 0.96
Incision Length (cm)a 7.09±0.95 -- -- 6.13±0.37 5.97±0.49 0.26 5.04±0.32 5.00±0.65 0.37

HAL: hand-assisted laparoscopy, LAP: standard laparsopcy, LESS: laparoendoscopic single site surgery
amedian (range)
Table 2: Intraoperative Data.