HAL

p

LAP

p

LESS

p

RIGHT (N=73)

--

RIGHT (N=36)

LEFT (N=36)

RIGHT (N=13)

LEFT (N=13)

Intraoperative Complications, n (%)

3 (4.1%)

--

--

2 (5.6%)

2 (5.6%)

1.0

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

1.0

Conversion to Open/HAL, n (%)

1 (1.4%)

--

--

1 (2.8%)

0 (0%)

1.0

1 (7.7%)

1 (7.7%)

1.0

Type of Injury n (%):

Liver laceration

Splenic laceration

Adrenal vein injury

Renal artery injury

Accessory artery injury

Renal vein injury

Inferior vena cava injury

 

1 (1.4%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

1 (1.4%)

0 (0%)

1 (1.4%)

--

--

 

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

1 (2.8%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

1 (2.8%)

 

0 (0%)

1 (2.8%)

1 (2.8%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

--

 

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

 

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

--

Postoperative Complications, n (%)

4 (5.5%)

--

--

3 (8.3%)

4 (11.1%)

1.0

1 (7.7%)

2 (15.3%)

0.38

Postoperative Complication, n (%):

I-II (minor)

III-V (major)

 

 

4 (5.5%)

0 (0%)

--

--

 

 

2 (5.6%)

1 (2.8%)

 

 

3 (8.3%)

1 (2.8%)

1.0

 

 

1 (7.7%)

0 (0%)

 

 

2 (15.3%)

0 (0%)

1.0

Type of Postoperative Complications, n (%):

Wound

Genitourinary

ID

Hematological

Gastrointestinal

Ophthalmic

 

 

1 (1.4%)

1 (1.4%)

2 (2.7%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

--

--

 

 

1 (2.8%)

1 (2.8%)

0 (0%)

1 (2.8%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

 

 

1 (2.8%)

1 (2.8%)

1 (2.8%)

1 (2.8%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

--

 

 

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

1 (7.7%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

 

 

1 (7.7%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

0 (0%)

1 (7.7%)

0 (0%)

--


HAL: hand-assisted laparoscopy, LAP: standard laparsopcy, LESS: laparoendoscopic single site surgery
Table 4: Complications Data.