Approach Instruments Cost /Procedure (U.S. Dollars)
HAL GelPORTa
12-mm VersaStepb ports x 2
$488.75
$107.46
$596.21 Total
LAP 12-mm VersaStepb ports x 2
5-mm VersaStepb ports x 2
$107.46
$90.28
$197.74 Total
LESS GelPOINTa
5-mm Roticulator Endo Dissectb
5-mm Roticulator Endo Graspb
$573.00
$84.19
$84.19
$741.38 Total
aApplied Medical, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA, USA, bCovidien, Mansfield, MA, USA
Table 1: HAL, LAP and LESS nephrectomy disposable instrument costs.