Study Approach Procedure n OT (min)f,g LOS (days)f,g EBL (cc)f,g
Raman et al. [4] LAP 10 Simple and 12 Radical 22 125 (90-240) 2.21 (1.2-4.4) 100 (20-520)
LESS 5 Simple and 6 Radical 11 122 (90-210) 2.04 (1.3-3.1) 20 (10-600)
Park et al. [2] LAP 38 Radical 38 172 (110-250) 3.9 (3-7) 199.5 (50-500)
LESS 19 Radical 19 191 (125-335) 2.7 (2-4) 143.2 (100-300)
Raybourn et al. [7] LAP 10 Simple 10 165 (90-220) 2.1 (1-6) 68 (30-150)
LESS 10 Simple and 1 Radical 11 151 (45-290) 2.36 (1-4) 51 (20-100)
Tugcu et al. [3] LAP 13 Simple 13 114 ± 15 2.11 ± 0.37 47.15 ± 6.4
LESS 14 Simple 14 117.5 ± 13.12 2.07 ± 0.26 50.71 ± 8.69
fMean (Range), gMean ± Standard Deviation
Table 4: OT and LOS and EBL results from four contemporary LAP and LESS nephrectomy comparison studies.