Formulation Code Zeta potential [mV] mean ±  SD, n=3 PDI mean ±  SD, n=3 Extruded volume [ml] Degree of deformability
GNTs1 -28.9 ± 2.31 0.212 ± 2.30 7.8 ± 1.30 15.37
GNTs2 -29.7 ± 1.03 0.174 ± 1.45 8.1 ± 0.90 15.70
GNTs3 -25.0 ± -0.70 0.167 ± 3.12 5.3 ± 2.67 16.07
GNTs4 -22.3 ± -0.35 0.204 ± 0.98 8.0 ± 1.11 17.10
GNTs5 -22.3 ± -0.35 0.204 ± 0.98 7.6 ± 2.93 15.23
GNTs6 -20.5 ± 2.34 0.182 ± 3.48 8.6 ± 1.09 21.62
GNTs7 -27.7 ± -1.20 0.194 ± 4.38 4.8 ± 1.87 15.79
GNTs8 -21.6 ± 1.80 0.135 ± 0.98 7.8 ± 1.15 18.04
GNTs9 -26.7 ± -1.50 0.179 ± 1.68 5.8 ± 1.89 12.23
GNTs10 -20.7 ± 1.04 0.134 ± 1.89 6.5 ± 3.62 11.01
GNTs11 -27.9 ± 1.31 0.200 ± 4.25 7.9 ± 1.30 15.08
GNTs12 -28.9 ± -0.31 0.177 ± 1.23 7.6 ± 2.93 14.97
GNTs13 -23.3 ± 1.32 0.198 ± 3.64 8.6 ± 1.09 22.05
GNTs14 -19.8 ± 1.69 0.190 ± 1.65 8.5 ± 0.33 24.94
GNTs15 -28.1 ± -0.70 0.159 ± 4.78 5.2 ± 1.87 13.00
GNTs16 -22.3 ± 0.89 0.186 ± 1.88 3.7 ± 1.87 22.80
GNTs17 -24.2 ± -1.36 0.147 ± 3.26 7.3 ± 1.11 10.66
Table 2: Data of all formulations.