Figure 1: Left) Pelvic coordinate system used to position the direction of force acting on a reconstructed hip joint - Illustration of the pelvic coordinate system (XYZ), femoral coordinate system (xyz), and the joint coordinate system for the right hip joint (Source: ISB recommendation, 2002). Right) Von Mises stress distribution in the cement mantle of a reconstructed total hip replacement with a 46-mm-diameter acetabulum.