Astrophysics is a branch of astronomy that deals with the physics of the universe as well as the physical properties of celestial objects like galaxies, stars, interstellar space and their interactions. Applications are theoretical astrophysics and observatory astronomy which mainly focuses on magnetohydrodynamics, cosmology, stellar dynamics and evolution and astroparticle physics.
Scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting novel research. There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and many more have been published at various points in the past. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Scientific journals contain articles that are peer reviewed, to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. The publication of the results of research is an essential part of the scientific method. If they are describing experiments or calculations, they must supply enough details that an independent researcher could repeat the experiment or calculation to verify the results. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on June, 2014