alexa Atrial septal defect | Australia | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Atrial Septal Defect

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  • Atrial septal defect

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a heart defect that is present at birth (congenital). As a baby develops in the womb, a wall (called the interatrial septum) forms that divides the upper chamber into a left and right atrium. An abnormal formation of this wall can result in a hole that remains after birth.This defect allows oxygen-rich blood to leak into the oxygen-poor blood chambers in the heart.  The septum is a wall that separates the heart's left and right sides.

  • Atrial septal defect

     In 2011–12, an estimated 22% of Australian adults aged 18 years and over (3.7 million people) had 1 or more cardiovascular diseases, based on self-reported data from the ABS 2011–12 Australian Health Survey. This includes conditions such as hypertensive disease, coronary heart disease and stroke.The prevalence of CVD was:similar for men (20%) and women (22%),greatest in older age groups­—half (51%) of 65–74 year olds and almost two-thirds (64%) of those aged 75+ reported having CVD.

     

     

  • Atrial septal defect

    There are no known medications that can repair the hole.Surgery may also be recommended for an adult who has many or severe symptoms. Surgery involves fixing the hole and may be done through cardiac catheterization or open-heart surgery. After surgery, follow-up care will depend on the size of the defect, person’s age, and whether the person has oTreatment ther birth defects.

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