Castleman disease is a rare disorder that involves an overgrowth (proliferation) of cells in your body's disease-fighting network (lymphatic system). Also known as giant lymph node hyperplasia and angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia, Castleman disease can occur in a localized (unicentric) or widespread (multicentric) form.
Fever. Night sweats. Fatigue and weakness. Loss of appetite. Unintended weight loss. Enlarged lymph nodes, usually around the neck, collarbone, underarm and groin areas. Enlarged liver or spleen.
Eleven patients were identified with MCD. Medial follow up was 46 (18-57) months. All had CD4 cell counts less than 500 cells/microL. All but one patient was receiving HAART at the time of diagnosis. Nine of the 11 patients had Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and two patients also developed non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL). All patients received chemotherapy for MCD. The response rate from Chemotherapy was 64%. Only two patients achieved sustained remissions. The median survival was 21.9 (1-52) months. The mortality was 45% from MCD and its related complications.