Chlamydia infection is a common sexually transmitted infection in humans caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is a major infectious cause of human genital and eye disease. Chlamydia can be transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sex, and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth.
The symptom for chlamydia vary between male and female. In Male: In men, those with a chlamydial infection show symptoms of infectious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of cases. Symptoms that may occur include: a painful or burning sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular pain or swelling, or fever. The purulent penile discharge is generally not as thick and is lighter in color than that for gonorrhea. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis, which in rare cases can lead to sterility if not treated within 6 to 8 weeks In Female: Chlamydia is known as the "Silent Epidemic" because in women, it may not cause any symptoms in 70–80% of cases, and can linger for months or years before being discovered. Signs and symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, abdominal pain, painful sexual intercourse, fever, painful urination or the urge to urinate more often than usual (urinary urgency).
Thrombocytosis is defined as the presence of high platelet counts in the blood which can be either primary or reactive. Thrombocytosis can occur in patients with polycythemia vera i.e., in high red blood cell counts which is an additional risk factor for other complications.
Thrombocytosis is a main potential cause for thrombophilia. The extrapolated prevalence for thrombocytosis was found to be 4,318,461 for 293,655,405 populations.
In cases of reactive thrombocytosis low dose of aspirin is administered to minimize the risk of thrombocytosis. Extremely high platelet counts in primary thrombocytosis can be treated with hydroxyurea which is an cytoreducing agent or anagrelide.