Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have chronic inflammation, which is the most important reason for the high morbidity and mortality associated with CKD .Despite well-established treatments for CKD, these patients still have a high incidence of cardiovascular and infectious morbidities. The two main causes of chronic kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure, which are responsible for these diseases. Diabetes happens when your blood sugar level is too high, causing damage for many organs whether it could be from sense organ or visceral organs. When kidney disease progresses, it may eventually lead to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life that leads to chronic kidney diseases.
Early diagnosis and treatment of the underlying cause and/or the institution of secondary preventive measures are imperative in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). These steps may delay, or possibly halt, progression of the disease. Delaying or halting the progression of CKD, diagnosing and treating the pathologic manifestations of CKD and Timely planning for long-term renal replacement therapy.
Major research on disease:
An athlete can have reoccurrence of compartment syndrome after having a fasciotomy. The rate of reoccurrence is 6–11%, most patients, who fail treatment initially, have resolution of symptoms with a second more extensive fasciotomy. As insights are gained into the etiology of compartment syndrome pain, a greater diversity of treatment options for CECS will be available. The only definitive treatment currently is fasciotomy. Improved awareness of CECS by both providers and athletes may result in earlier intervention and a higher success rate of conservative therapy.
The true prevalence of CECS can only be determined in large-scale community studies employing adequate case detection and characterisation techniques. The studies suggest that nearly about 5-8 percent of athlets suffered from compartmental syndrom . The reoirts suggested that australian sport authority concertrating on the reducing these kind of syndrome to the negligible amount