Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most Common type of heart disease, also referred to as coronary heart disorder. Coronary arteries are the essential blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients. CAD occurs when these that provide blood to coronary heart muscle turn out to be hardened and narrowed. Atherosclerosis (regularly known as “hardening” or “clogging” of the arteries) is the buildup of cholesterol and fatty deposits (referred to as plaques) on the internal walls of the arteries. These plaques can avert blood go with the flow to the center muscle by clogging the artery or via causing abnormal artery tone and function.
175.7 deaths per 100,000 men in Australia 2001 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, National Mortality Database, 2003) Cancer was an underlying cause in 3.0% of female deaths from coronary heart disease in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW).
Treatment for CAD involves lifestyle changes, if necessary, drugs and certain medical procedures. Various drugs that are used to treat CAD are Cholesterol-modifying medications, Beta blockers, Nitroglycerin, Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs). Some of the Procedures to restore and improve blood flow like Angioplasty and stent placement (percutaneous coronary revascularization), Coronary artery bypass surgery.
Some of the Major researches on Coronary artery disease in Australia are Endothelium-derived hyperpolarization and coronary vasodilation: diverse and integrated roles of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, hydrogen peroxide and gap junctions, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Enhances Intravascular Ultrasound Assessment of Vulnerable Coronary Plaque: A Combined Pathological and In Vivo Study.