alexa Diphyllobothrium Infection | Australia | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Diphyllobothrium Infection

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  • Diphyllobothrium is a genus of tapeworm which can cause Diphyllobothriasis in humans through consumption of raw or undercooked fish. The principal speciescausing diphyllobothriosis is Diphyllobothrium latum, known as the broad or fish tapeworm, or broad fish tapeworm.
  • There are no reliable recent reports on the occurrence of broad fish tapeworms in humans from Australia.
  • The medication works by dissolving or attacking the tapeworm. Little of the medication is absorbed by your digestive system. Niclosamide or praziquantel are the drugs, to be taken in a single dose. Niclosamide and praziquantel are only available on a named-patient basis.
  • Research says that many Australian animals would serve as intermediate hosts for the tapeworm and reservoir hosts for the infective sparganum. Water fleas abound in Australia and at least 3 species which may serve as intermediate hosts for the parasite have been recorded.
  • Diphyllobothrium Infection

    The standard treatment for diphyllobothriasis, is a single dose of Praziquantel, 5?10 mg/kg PO once for both adults and children. An alternative treatment is Niclosamide, 2 g PO once for adults or 50 mg/kg PO once. This infection can be prevented by not eating raw or uncooked fish.

  • Diphyllobothrium Infection

    Many asymptomatic treatments are observed. However, some of the common symptoms are abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, vomitings, weight loss, loss of memory, malnutrition etc.

  • Diphyllobothrium Infection

    Infection with Diphyllobothrium latum is often asymptomatic and long-lasting (decades). Infected persons may experience abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss. In some infections there may be a severe Vitamin B12 deficiency and anemia caused by obstruction of Vitamin B12 absorption coupled with high absorption rates by the tapeworm.

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