E. coli infection is a urinary tract infection is caused by micro-organisms, usually a bacteria called Escherichia coli (E. coli). STEC outbreaks are not common in Australia, though it?s likely that small outbreaks occur from time to time, which go unrecognised.
All Australian States and Territories have low rates ( per 100,000 population) of notification for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), except for South Australia where the rates are tenfold higher per 100,000 population.
The infected person needs to be isolated with strict infection control procedures because the infective dose is very small. The main aim of treatment is to replace fluid and electrolyte loss. There is a wide range of diagnostic practices used for testing for STEC among jurisdictional reference laboratories in Australia
These practices lead to vastly different notification rates between individual jurisdictions, ranging from 0.14 to 2.58 cases per 100,000 population.