In recent years, Australia has experienced a number of significant outbreaks of emerging diseases such as bat paramyxovirus and Escherichia coli O111 etc. Global emergence of antimicrobial-resistant organisms (Streptococcus pneumonia) emerged Penicillin in Australia in 1967.
Eradication of bovine tuberculosis produced a welcome fall in infant cases, but about 4000 cases continued to be notified annually between 1917 and 1950. In 1914, about 5% of admissions to mental institutions and 60% of cases of aortic aneurysm in Victoria were due to tertiary syphilis, while 10% of pregnant women had positive Wassermann test results.
Treatment includes history of infectious diseases and the development of control measures such as water treatment. Current research: Australia is implementing a National Communicable Diseases Surveillance Strategy in response to this public health threat.
The Strategy, similar initiatives in other countries, and enhanced international cooperation will contribute to the global response to emerging diseases.