Esophageal varices | Australia| PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Esophageal Varices

  • Esophageal varices

    Esophageal varices are Porto-systemic collaterals ? i.e., vascular channels that link the portal venous and the systemic venous circulation. They form as a consequence of portal hypertension (a progressive complication of cirrhosis), preferentially in the sub mucosa of the lower esophagus.

  • Esophageal varices

    Approximately 50% of patients with cirrhosis develop gastroesophageal varices. Gastric varices are present in 5?33% of patients with portal hypertension.The frequency of esophageal varices varies from 30% to 70% in patients with cirrhosis.

  • Esophageal varices

    Treatments may include: Medications to reduce pressure in the portal vein and Using elastic bands to tie off bleeding veins.

  • Currently, no treatment can prevent the development of esophageal varices in people with cirrhosis. While beta blocker drugs are effective in preventing bleeding in many people who have esophageal varices, they do not keep esophageal varices from forming.
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