Eosinophilic oesophagitis (eosinophilic esophagitis) results in inflammation the oesophagus, the muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach. Most cases are seen in people with allergies such as hay fever and asthma.
Around 3/4 of patients with this condition suffer from allergic conditions such as hay fever or asthma. In recent years, there have been increasing reports of cases of EO worldwide.
Treatment is undertaken to not only make people feel better, but also to reduce the risk of complications long-term. Dietary therapy is an effective first-line treatment for eosinophilic esophagitis in children and adults. Medication to reduce acid production will reduce acid reflux and the risk of scarring that can result.
There is still significant scope for improving the diagnostic methods and treatment options for EO. Diagnosis currently depends on endoscopy and biopsy, which may need to be repeated to monitor the therapeutic response.