Eye melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells known as melanocytes in the eye.
In Australia ocular melanoma shows higher rates, with incidence of 8 -10 per million in men, and 6.1 -6.5 per million in women. Australia and New Zealand have the highest rates of melanoma in the world.
Treatment includes surgery, Chemotherapy and immunotherapy and High-risk melanomas require adjuvant treatment.
Australian melanoma incidence has increased by more than 30 per cent between 1991 and 2009. Overall age-standardised cancer incidence in Australia is the highest in the world, and this is attributable to melanoma alone.