Gingivitis refers to an inflammation of the gums. It is characterized by red swollen gums, bad breath which persists even after brushing, painful and bleeding gums.
Gingivitis severity is most likely related to age, lipid disorders and increase in body mass. Ulcerative gingivitis is accompanied by areas of ulceration and necrosis of the gums (necrosis). Risk factors associated with gingivitis are smoking, chewing tobacco, poor oral hygiene, medical conditions such as diabetes, decreased immunity, fungal infections and hormonal imbalance.
Treatment and Statistics
Gingivitis can be diagnosed by performing deep cleaning and surgical procedures such as flap surgery, bone and tissue grafts. It can be prevented by proper oral hygiene and balanced diet. Australian adults had a prevalence of a gingival index of 19.7%, with the range 19.1 % in youngest generation to 23.7 per cent in the oldest. 26.8% is the highest gingival index seen in Indigenous Australians and lowest in insured adults of about 15.9%.