A myocardial infraction or a heart attack is permanent damage to the heart muscle. It occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to heart muscle gets suddenly blocked by which the heart can’t get oxygen. Various symptoms include pain or discomfort in one or both the arms that spread to shoulders, upper back, neck or jaw, a general sense of anxiety, shortness of breath, stomach or abdominal pain, weakness and overwhelming fatigue, swelling of the ankles and lower legs, etc.
A heart attack is a medical emergency so should call the ambulance. If the causality is not allergic to aspirin and its easily available than give them a tablet ideally 300mg to slowly chew and swallow while waiting for the ambulance to arrive. The aspirin will help to reduce the risk of heart attack by thinning the blood. The two main treatments include: using medication to dissolve blood clots, surgery to restore blood to the heart.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of death in Australia, with 43,603 deaths in 2013. Cardiovascular disease kills 1 Australian every 12 minutes, affects 1 in 6 Australians or 3.72 million. CVD was the main cause for 518,563 hospitalisations in 2012/13 and played an additional role in another 680,000 hospitalisations, claimed the lives of 43,603 Australians (30% of all deaths) in 2013 - deaths that are largely preventable, lower socioeconomic groups. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and those living in remote areas had the highest rate of hospitalisation and death in Australia.