alexa Lyme disease | Australia| PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Lyme Disease

  • Lyme disease

    Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium transmitted to humans via a tick bite. The CDC (Center for Disease Control) claims that Lyme Borreliosis is the most common and fastest growing infectious illness in the United States. The disease can cause a variety of flu-like symptoms such as fever, achy joints, fatigue and headache.

  • Lyme disease

    From 1988 to 1994 at Westmead Hospital, 78 (1.8%) of 4,372 from local patients with suspected LD were positive for IgG by ELISA and IFAT. All 78 were tested by WB, using North American and European strains of Borrelia; 46 sera showed one or more bands. None, including those with putative late stage disease, showed more than 4 specific bands and thus were all negative by international criteria. Twenty-four patients with various bacterial, viral or autoimmune syndromes unrelated to LD were tested in parallel and 11/24 showed one or 2 indicative bands. Thus a high degree of cross reactivity was demonstrated with non-LD patients.

  • Lyme disease

    The antibiotic therapy of early LD generally results in complete recovery. A 2 week course of oral doxycycline or amoxycillin for Stage I and a third generation cephalosporin for Stage II are the most commonly used regimens. Treatment of late stage LD is less successful and a chronic or relapsing course is common. A third generation cephalosporin for 3 weeks is recommended.

  • Lyme disease

    currently enrolling patients into a study on neuroborreliosis: comparison of IV Ceftriaxone for three weeks vs. oral Doximycin for four weeks. Hopefully this study (with control CSF specimens) and long follow-ups of patients also will give us new knowledge on markers of how to identify patients with reactive symptomatology triggered by Lyme neuroborreliosis.

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