The two main types of lymphoma are Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer that originates in your lymphatic system, the disease-fighting network spread throughout your body. In non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, tumors develop from lymphocytes. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is more common than Hodgkin lymphoma.Many different subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma exist. The most common non-Hodgkin's lymphoma subtypes include diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. About 4000 Australians are diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma each year. Most cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma occur in adults aged 65 years and older. The risk of developing it increases as you get older. However, it can also occur in children and young adults.
The treatment plan depends mainly on the following:
• If there are symptoms present such as fever and night sweats
Laboratory studies in a patient with suspected NHL should include the following:
• CBC count: May be normal in early-stage disease; in more advanced stages, may demonstrate anemia, leukopenia, lymphocytosis, thrombocytosis
• Serum chemistry studies: May show elevated LDH and calcium levels, abnormal liver function tests
• Serum beta2-microglobulin level: May be elevated