The skin is the body’s largest organ. It covers your whole body and protects it from injury, infection and ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun.Melanoma is the type of skin cancer that most often develops from a mole.Non-melanoma skin cancers usually develop in the outermost layer of skin. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that between 2 and 3 million new cases of non-melanoma skin cancer and 132,000 cases of malignant melanoma are diagnosed each year (out of a total of 12 million new cancers), and they are together responsible for 66,000 deaths per year. According to the 2002 Global Burden Disease Report, New Zealand, Australia and Norway had the highest mortality rates from skin cancer (7.6, 7.4 and 6.4 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively). In this report, Chile was situated in the 71st percentile (2.0 deaths per 100,000 habitants) of the 192 countries examine.
There are also clinical trials that study new ways to ease symptoms and side effects during treatment and managing the late effects that may occur after treatment. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials regarding side effects. In addition, there are ongoing studies about ways to prevent the disease. The main treatment options are:
•Excision. Excision removes the skin cancer along with some healthy skin tissue around it (margin).
•Curettage and electrosurgery.