Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder, characterised by the presence of recurring intrusive and unwanted thoughts, images, or impulses – obsessions and repetitive behavioural and mental rituals – compulsions. People with OCD are usually aware that their symptoms are irrational and excessive, but they find the obsessions uncontrollable and the compulsions difficult or impossible to resist.
Obsessions and compulsions are distressing, exhausting, take up a lot of time, and can significantly interfere with the person's family and social relationships, daily routines, education or working life. Common obsessions include: fear or contamination from germs, dirt, for example; fears of harm to self or others; intrusive sexual thoughts or images; concerns with symmetry, illness or religious issues; an intense, irrational fear of everyday objects and situations (phobia). Common compulsions include: washing; cleaning; checking; hoarding; touching; counting; and repeating routine activities and actions. It is likely that each person's OCD is the result of several interacting factors, including genetic vulnerability, stressful life events, hormonal changes, and personality traits. Treatment can help people manage obsessions and compulsions, to reduce or even eliminate the symptoms of OCD. The most effective treatment is psychological therapy. A skilled and experienced clinician, support, and education about how to help yourself are also likely to produce the best outcome. Researches are conducting by Mental Health Association, NSW( National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing ). Much current research is devoted to the therapeutic potential of the agents that affect the release of the neurotransmitter glutamate or the binding to its receptors. These include riluzole, memantine, gabapentin, N-acetylcysteine, topiramate and lamotrigine.