Pediatric Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which you have a low blood platelet count. Platelets (thrombocytes) are colorless blood cells that help blood clot. Platelets stop bleeding by clumping and forming plugs in blood vessel injuries. Thrombocytopenia often occurs as a result of a separate disorder, such as leukemia or an immune system problem. Or it can be a side effect of taking certain medications. It affects both children and adults.
Pediatric Thrombocytopenia in the newborn is defined as a platelet count less than 150 x 109/L. This occurs in 1-4% of all newborn babies. The majority of episodes of TP present during the first 72 hours of life. The highest incidence of TP is in sick, preterm babies (40-70%) Thrombocytopenia is the most common haematological abnormality in the NICU.
Specific treatments for thrombocytopenia will be determined by your child’s physicians based on the cause and severity of the disease, as well as your child’s tolerance for medications, procedures and therapies. Mild cases may not require treatment and may resolve on their own. Blood transfusions with platelets or red blood cells are sometimes needed.
Pediatric Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which there is a lower-than-normal number of platelets in the blood. It may result in easy bruising and excessive bleeding from wounds or bleeding in mucous membranes and other tissues.