Periodontitis, also known as pyorrhea, is a set of inflammatory diseases affecting the periodontium, i.e., the tissues that surround and support the teeth. It involves progressive loss of the alveolar bone around the teeth, and if left untreated, can lead to the loosening and subsequent loss of teeth. Periodontitis is caused by microorganisms that adhere to and grow on the tooth's surfaces, along with an over-aggressive immune response against these microorganisms. Periodontitis is usually the result of poor oral hygiene.
The extrapolated prevalence was found to be 366,050 in Australia and the population esteemed used is double of 19,913,144.
Periodontitis treatment is to thoroughly clean the pockets around teeth and prevent damage to surrounding bone. There are both Nonsurgical treatments and Surgical treatments. Nonsurgical treatment includes scaling, root planning and antibiotics whereas Surgical treatment includes flap surgery, bone grafting, enamel matrix derivative application etc.
Periodontitis, high-reward research program of the National Institutes of Health has chosen newest faculty members to receive funds to pursue innovative approaches to some of today’s most pressing dental challenges.