Disease Definition:"Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a serious infection that causes inflammation and fluid buildup in the lungs. It is caused by a fungus called Pneumocystis jiroveci. Likely spread through the air, this fungus is very common.
Disease Symptoms: "Symptoms of Pneumocystis Pneumonia Fever. Mild and dry cough or wheezing. Shortness of breath, especially with activity. Rapid breathing. Fatigue. Major weight loss. Chest pain when you breathe."
Disease Treatment: "PCP requires treatment with prescription medicine that must be taken for three weeks. The best form of treatment for PCP is trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), which is also known by the brand names Bactrim, Septra, and Cotrim. This medicine is given orally or through a vein. TMP-SMX can cause negative side effects such as a rash and nausea, but the benefits of treating the PCP usually outweigh the risks of these side effects. Without treatment, PCP can be fatal."