Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown.Nonstructural scoliosis: Also known as functional scoliosis, this involves a spine that is structurally normal yet appears curved. This is a Temporary bend that changes, and is brought about by a hidden condition, for example, distinction in leg length, muscle fits or provocative and inflammatory conditions such as appendicitis. Structural scoliosis: is a fixed curve treated individually according to its cause.
Scoliosis most typically occurs in individuals 10 to 18 years, old detected by Curvature of the spine, uneven shoulders, or protrusion of one shoulder blade, Asymmetry of the waistline and one hip higher than the other. The diagnosis of scoliosis and the determination of the type of scoliosis made by a careful bone exam and an X-ray to evaluate the magnitude of the curve. When scoliosis is suspected, weight-bearing full-spine AP/coronal and lateral/sagittal X-rays are taken to assess the scoliosis curves.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Four (3.6%) of the 109 with idiopathic short stature or hormone deficiency had idiopathic scoliosis (within normal limits for a control population) and scoliosis progression was not prospectively observed. 13 (28.8%) of 45 with Turner syndrome had scoliosis radiologically similar to idiopathic scoliosis. 11 (48%) of 23 with varying syndromes, had scoliosis.