A tooth abscess is a collection of infected material (pus) in the center of a tooth. It is due to bacterial infection. A tooth abscess is a complication of tooth decay. It may also occur when a tooth is broken or chipped. Openings in the tooth enamel allow bacteria to infect the center of the tooth (the pulp). Infection may spread from the root of the tooth to the bones supporting the tooth. Australia Survival rates for Tooth abscess have risen slightly over the last 20 years. For Tooth abscess, around 40 out of every 100 men (40%) and more than 40 out of every 100 women (40%) will survive for 5 years or more after diagnosis. The only person who can effectively treat a dental abscess is a dentist.
Treatment may involve typical dental procedures, and in some occasional surgery. There are 3 type of surgeries: Incision, Treating a periapical abscess, Treating a periodontal abscess. Future research deals with determination of various host and environmental factors that put an individual at risk for development of dental abscess. Increased reliance on novel molecular techniques has enriched our knowledge of the diverse polymicrobial collection that constitutes a dental abscess. Antimicrobials should be reserved for patients with evidence of cellulitis and signs of sepsis. Most of the evidence pointing toward a key role for prompts surgical intervention and timely review.