Transposition of the great arteries is a serious but rare heart defect present at birth (congenital), in which the two main arteries leaving the heart are reversed (transposed). Transposition of the great arteries changes the way blood circulates through the body, leaving a shortage of oxygen in blood flowing from the heart to the rest of the body. Without an adequate supply of oxygen-rich blood, the body can't function properly and your child faces serious complications or death without treatment.
The immediate management of an infant with transposition focuses on establishing safe oxygen levels and stable cardiac and pulmonary function. A continuous infusion of prostaglandin, a medication that will keep the ductus arteriosus open, is usually initiated when the diagnosis is suspected or confirmed. CHDs affect nearly 549,075âbirths per year in the Australia. Further research is being conducted to determine the best surveillance interval to monitor the disease Glucocorticoid therapy for hypotension in the cardiac intensive care unit.