alexa Albinism | Belgium | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Albinism

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  • Albinism

    Albinism is also called as achromia, achromasia, or achromatosis. Albinism is a rare group of genetic disorders that cause the skin, hair, or eyes to have little or no colour. Albinism is also associated with vision problems. Albinism is caused by a defect in one of several genes that produce or distribute melanin (natural pigment). The defect may result in the absence of melanin production, or a reduced amount of melanin production. Albinism is inherited and requires the defective gene to be passed down by both parents. Symptoms include apparent in a person's skin, hair and eye colour.

  • Albinism

    Doctor may also diagnose the condition based on the appearance of yourskin, hair, and eyes. An ophthalmologist may perform an electroretinogram, which is a test that can reveal vision problems related to albinism. Because albinism is a genetic disorder, treatment is limited. Therefore treatment involves protecting the skin and eyes from the sun.

  • Albinism

    According to the National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation (NOAH), approximately one in 17,000 people have a form of albinism.

 

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