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External compression headache is an infrequently cited cranial neuralgia resulting from continued stimulation of the cutaneous nerves caused by the application of pressure over the forehead or scalp. The headache can result from wearing a tight band around the head, a tight hat, or sports goggles. They include a constant nonplusing head pain felt in the area subjected to pressure that increases over minutes, is not associated with other symptoms, and often disappears within 1 hour after removing the causative stimulus.
The pain of external compression headaches is often described as moderate, constant pressure. It hurts most in the area where the object is pressing on your head. As long as the headwear is in place, the pain may get progressively worse. External compression headaches are caused by any type of headwear that places pressure on the head including tight hats, helmets, headbands and goggles. To prevent external compression headaches, unnecessary headwear is avoided.If protective headwear, such as a sports or construction helmet, is necessary, one should make sure it fits properly and is positioned carefully. Pain relievers are used to provide some relief.