Neck pain are due to muscle strain or soft tissue sprain (ligaments, tendons), but it can also be caused by a sudden force (whiplash). These types of neck pain often improve with time and non-surgical care such as medication and chiropractic manipulation. The study was conducted among office workers in ten companies, consisting of 20–120 employees. The companies recruited were located throughout Belgium. The study base consisted of 720 computer users of which the major occupational categories were management/administration, medical secretary, graphic design, engineering and academic faculty.
Since many types of neck pain are caused by sudden trauma like muscle strains or sprains that heal quickly, neck pain treatment generally begins with conservative care in the form of pain medications, heat/ice therapy, and even physical therapy and muscle conditioning. While such neck pain treatment methods typically relieve neck pain in a large percentage of patients, other instances in which chronic neck pain is present may require more interventional care.