Non-melanoma skin cancers usually develop in the outermost layer of skin (epidermis) and are often named after the type of skin cell from which they develop. The two most common types of non-melanoma skin cancer are: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma.
In Belgium there are 49,832 new diagnoses of skin cancer registered (in the year 2003) of which 26,782 in men (54%) and 23,050 in women (46%). This makes it the number two cause of death for the whole population and the number one in the 40-60 age category. Cancer occurs more in men (528 new diagnoses per 100,000 inhabitants per year) than in women (435 new diagnoses per 100,000 inhabitants per year). One man in three and one woman in four will contract cancer before reaching the age of 75.
There are also clinical trials that study new ways to ease symptoms and side effects during treatment and managing the late effects that may occur after treatment.. In addition, there are ongoing studies about ways to prevent the disease.The following factors may raise a person’s risk of developing skin cancer: Sun exposure, Artificial tanning, Fair skin, Precancerous skin conditions, Gender, Age, A history of sunburns or fragile skin, Previous skin cancer, Inherited syndrome