Preeclampsia is a disease mainly occurs in pregnant ladies. This disease characterized by high blood pressure and it also damages the other organs of the body. This Preeclampsia disease usually starts after 20-25 weeks of pregnancy in a woman whose blood pressure is in normal stage. Even for simple complications in blood pressure may be a sign of Preeclampsia. Left untreated, preeclampsia can lead to serious — even fatal — complications for both you and your baby. If you have preeclampsia, the only cure is delivery of your baby. If you're diagnosed with preeclampsia too early in your pregnancy to deliver your baby, you and your doctor face a challenging task. Your baby needs more time to mature, but you need to avoid putting yourself or your baby at risk of serious complications.
Sometimes Preeclampsia may develop without any symptoms. High blood pressure may develop slowly, but more commonly it has a sudden onset. Monitoring your blood.
Treatment: The main cure for preeclampsia is only delivery. You're at increased risk of seizures, placental abruption, stroke and possibly severe bleeding until your blood pressure decreases. Of course, if it's too early in your pregnancy, delivery may not be the best thing for your baby. If you're diagnosed with preeclampsia, your doctor will let you know how often you'll need to come in for prenatal visits — likely more frequently than what's typically recommended for pregnancy. You'll also need more-frequent blood tests, ultrasounds and nonstress tests than would be expected in an uncomplicated pregnancy. Possible treatment for preeclampsia may include: Medications to lower blood pressure, Corticosteroids, Anticonvulsant medications
Statistics: In Belgium, High Blood Pressure was diagnosed in 5,284 out of 111,007 singleton pregnancies i.e., 4.8% , and of these 647 had chronic hypertension i.e., 0.6% & 2,253 I.E., 2% gestational hypertension, 2,244 (2%) preeclampsia and 140 (0.1%) superimposed preeclampsia. Birth weight less than 2,500 g was most frequent in the preeclamptic group and less frequent in case of gestational hypertension, but in all hypertensive groups it was statistically more frequent compared to the normotensive pregnancies. Before 26 weeks' gestational age the presence of any kind of hypertension did not influence birth weight. From 26 weeks on preeclampsia contributed to a lower birth weight. Gestational hypertension resulted in a lower birth weight between 28 and 34 weeks, but not before or after this period. Superimposed preeclampsia only had an effect between 32 and 34 weeks and chronic hypertension only marginally contributed to birthweight. A relation with both a high birthweight (> 4000 g) and birthweight < 2500 g was found in term gestational hypertension and preeclampsia.