alexa Pulmonary atresia | Belgium | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Pulmonary Atresia

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  • Pulmonary atresia

    Pulmonary atresia is a heart defect present at birth (congenital) that's normally diagnosed within the first few hours or days of life. In pulmonary atresia, the valve that lets blood out of the heart to go to your baby's lungs doesn't form correctly. Instead of opening and closing to allow blood to travel from your heart to your lungs, a solid sheet of tissue forms. Blood from the right side of your baby's heart can't go back to the lungs to pick up oxygen.Pulmonary atresia may occur with or without a ventricular septal defect (VSD).

  • Pulmonary atresia

    Bluish colored skin (cyanosis), Fast breathing, Fatigue, Poor eating habits (babies may get tired while nursing or sweat during feedings), Shortness of breath.Generally treatment of pulmonary atresia depends on the child?s health, age, and medical history, and in what way the condition is affecting the child. But usually, surgery will be required to treat the heart defect and helps to improve blood flow to the lungs. The temporary measure, which has to be taken in new-borns with pulmonary atresia, is usually given an intravenous drug (injected into a vein) called prostaglandin E1 to prevent the ductus arteriosus from closing.

  • Pulmonary atresia

     Analysis around Belgium on pulmonary atresia got the result as in 111225 births, 921 children with congenital heart disease were detected, yielding a birth prevalence of 8.3 per 1000. The most frequently occurring conditions were ventricular septal defects (VSDs) (33%), ostium secundum atrial septal defects (18%) and pulmonary valve abnormalities (10%). Thirty-nine percent of the children either had a cardiosurgical operation or catheter intervention. In this study, 4% of the children died.

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