Bluish colored skin (cyanosis), Fast breathing, Fatigue, Poor eating habits (babies may get tired while nursing or sweat during feedings), Shortness of breath.Generally treatment of pulmonary atresia depends on the child?s health, age, and medical history, and in what way the condition is affecting the child. But usually, surgery will be required to treat the heart defect and helps to improve blood flow to the lungs. The temporary measure, which has to be taken in new-borns with pulmonary atresia, is usually given an intravenous drug (injected into a vein) called prostaglandin E1 to prevent the ductus arteriosus from closing.
Analysis around Belgium on pulmonary atresia got the result as in 111225 births, 921 children with congenital heart disease were detected, yielding a birth prevalence of 8.3 per 1000. The most frequently occurring conditions were ventricular septal defects (VSDs) (33%), ostium secundum atrial septal defects (18%) and pulmonary valve abnormalities (10%). Thirty-nine percent of the children either had a cardiosurgical operation or catheter intervention. In this study, 4% of the children died.