Scoliosis is a common medical condition in which a person's spinal axis has a three-dimensional deviation. Although it is a complex three-dimensional condition, on an X-ray, viewed from the rear, the spine of an individual with scoliosis can resemble an "S" or a "C", rather than a straight line. Symptoms are scoliosis can lead to diminishing lung capacity, putting pressure on the heart, and restricting physical activities, uneven musculature on one side of the spine, Uneven hips, arms or leg lengths, in thoracic scoliosis and slow nerve action.
Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine that is found in children and adolescents. In most cases, scoliosis is painless. However, it can become gradually more severe if left untreated, resulting in chronic back pain. Severe cases can cause deformities, impair development and life-threatening. The cause of most cases of scoliosis cases is idiopathic. Suspected causes of scoliosis include connective tissue disorders, muscle disorders,hormonal imbalance and abnormality of the nervous system. Spinal cord and brainstem abnormalities may also contribute to scoliosis. The condition can also be hereditary.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance.The search carried out on 1st of February 2008, with the key words "scoliosis", "surgery", "complications" revealed 2590 titles, which not necessarily attributed to our quest for the term "rate of complications". 287 titles have been found when the term "rate of complications" was used as a key word. Of these, 23 papers were found to report on the rate of complication in patients with neuromuscular scoliosis