Tuberculosisis a disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis which usually attack the lungs, but can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain.
According to a survey conducted by World bank, in Belgium, per every 100,000 population, 10 new cases of TB are recorded every year.
The recommended treatment of new-onset pulmonary tuberculosis is six months of a combination of antibiotics containing rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol for the first two months, and only rifampicin and isoniazid for the last four months.
The BCG vaccine has limitations, and research to develop new TB vaccines is ongoing. A number of potential candidates are currently in phase I and II clinical trials.