In ecology, a niche is known to be the behavior of a species living under specific environmental conditions. The ecological niche includes how a population responds to the abundance of its resources and enemies. In ecology, all of the interactions of a species with the other members of its community, including competition, predation, parasitism, and mutualism. A variety of abiotic factors, such as soil type and climate, also define a species niche. Each of the various species that constitute a community occupies its own ecological niche. Informally, a niche is considered the job or role that a species performs within nature.
Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author'sscholarlywork, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.
Last date updated on June, 2014