alexa Emerging Infectious Diseases: Assessing the Risk of Zoonotic Exposures

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Emerging Infectious Diseases: Assessing the Risk of Zoonotic Exposures

While nearly 75% of viruses and 50% of bacteria associated with human disease are zoonotic, the emerging disease risk directly attributable to animal exposures remains unclear [1]. Animals and humans have coexisted throughout their existence and adaptive immunity against microbes appears to be the norm. However, a disproportionate burden of infectious diseases occurs in tropical and developing countries, where contact with animals occurs regularly. Furthermore, the transmission route and etiology for over 14% of human pathogens remains unknown, raising the question of species jumping as a potential new source of disease (i.e., evading innate immune surveillance conferred through evolution)

 

 

Citation: Efird JT (2013) Emerging Infectious Diseases: Assessing the Risk of Zoonotic Exposures. Trop Med Surg 1: e105 doi: 10.4172/2329-9088.1000e105

 
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