The study assessed Adaptation strategies and Knowledge on climate change among pastoralists and agro-pastoralists in Fafi and Dadaab ecosystems. The study area is located Bura to the South, Tana River to the South West, Garissa to the West, Republic of Somalia to the East and Wajir to the North. The area; home to over half a million refugees, falls within arid and semiarid lands (ASALs) and is incredibly vulnerable to climate change and variability. The study indicated escalated impacts of climate change and variability; poor technology adoption hence increased vulnerability. The geo-information spawned showcase resources inherent in the ASALs and the potential to sustainably galvanize them for actualization of national policies for less emission and upped livelihoods among pastoralists and agro pastoralists. Methodology used included desktop review, sampling, data collection, and field study.