alexa Leishmaniasis: Epidemiology, Control and Future Perspectives with Special Emphasis on Egypt

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Leishmaniasis: Epidemiology, Control and Future Perspectives with Special Emphasis on Egypt

Leishmaniasis is an infectious disfiguring vector-borne disease, which is caused by protozoan parasite of genus Leishmania, and in which humans get infected through the bite of infected sandfly of genus phlebotomus. The first scientist who reported on protozoan parasite of Leishmania was Surgeon Major Cunningham of the British Indian army; who in 1885 described the organism but failed to connect it to the related disease. In 1903, physicians Leishman and Donovan were first to describe the protozoan causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis. They recovered it in stained smears from spleen of affected patients who developed symptoms of malaria-like disease, and later named it Leishmania donovani.

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