alexa Undercounting of Large Trucks in Federal and State Crash Databases: Extent of Problem and How to Improve Accuracy of Truck Classifications.

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Undercounting of Large Trucks in Federal and State Crash Databases: Extent of Problem and How to Improve Accuracy of Truck Classifications.

Prior research suggested that single-unit trucks are undercounted when using vehicle body codes in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). This study explored the extent of the misclassification and undercounting problem for crashes in FARS and state crash databases. Truck misclassifications for fatal crashes were explored by comparing the Trucks Involved in Fatal Accidents (TIFA) database with FARS. TIFA used vehicle identification numbers (VINs) and survey information to classify large trucks. This study used VINs to improve the accuracy of large truck classifications in state crash databases from five states (Delaware, Maryland, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Utah). The vehicle body type codes resulted in a 19 percent undercount of single-unit trucks in FARS and a 23 percent undercount of single-unit trucks in state databases. Tractor-trailers were misclassified less often. Misclassifications occurred most frequently among single-unit trucks in the weight classes of 10,001-14,000 pounds.

 
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