Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is one of the worst aquatic weeds in the Philippines . Its rapid infestation is due to its ability to double its number in as fast as 12 days. It has a detrimental impact on agriculture, economy, environment, recreational activities, water quality and quantity, and human health.
Despite it being one of the world’s most destructive weed, it exhibits antibacterial, antifungal and anti-algal properties . Crude extracts of the plant showed growth inhibition of Gram-positive bacteria, Gramnegative bacteria, yeast, green microalgae, and cyanobacteria. Moreover, the Philippine Research Textile Institute (PTRI) is developing its use in domestic textile to trim the industry’s import of synthetic-based fibers . The plant’s fibers are used as raw materials for the production of handicrafts, furniture’s, and tableware’s.
Due to its relatively strong and flexible fibers, this study aims to produce a natural multifilament non-absorbable surgical thread out of water hyacinth.