The tunnel engineering geology and deformation control is one key of the basis for the tunnel engineering construction and operation management and safety technology security. However, it is becoming one of the bottleneck problems for underground tunnel construction project information to be solved accurately and fast to assess the stability of surrounding rock because of the special environment in the tunnel construction and acquiring the deformation information of surrounding rock. Relying on the geology analysis and the surrounding rock deformation control of research work on the ZIJING mountain tunnel in DAGUANGNAN highway in HUBEI province of Chinese, it is investigated to combine the geological information with field monitoring organically which is in order to determine the possible geological damage during tunnel construction. Then, based on the monitoring data processing and analysis, the deformation control standard of the tunnel geological disaster area is putted forward. Those research works are providing important reference basis for similar projects.